Imaging is the first historic application using X-rays, as demonstrated already by W. C. Röntgen, and remains the most common application especially due to its wide use for medical imaging.

Since the first X-ray image in 1895, an enormous development of X-ray equipment has taken place. Even though most imaging done today uses the same method as Röntgen did, the image quality has become far better thanks to the improved sources and detectors. Nowadays, X-ray imaging is also widely used in various fields, from industrial inspection & metrology to academic research.   

The improved equipment has also opened up the possibility of new methods for X-ray imaging. They all differ in imaging performance and in their requirements on the equipment. Below we give a brief overview of popular imaging methods together with application examples using the MetalJet and NanoTube sources. 

All the methods can be used either in two-dimensional projection imaging or three-dimensional computed tomography (CT). Whichever to use depends on the specific needs in the application.

first x-ray image by röntgen
The first X-ray image, of his wife Anna’s hand, taken by W.C. Röntgen in 1895.

Phase-contrast imaging

Attenuation-contrast imaging

X-ray microscopy


Nano-CT for non-destructive testing and research
Increasing throughput and resolution of industrial X-ray inspection
X-ray diffraction & imaging for materials research
High resolution imaging
How 3D virtual histology based on µCT helps to understand Covid-19
X-ray ptychography: from the synchrotron to your laboratory


MetalJet and NanoTube for X-ray imaging applications

Publications & more

Imaging knowledge