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Publications by Excillum and MetalJet users | Excillum


January 2016 – Chapter from X-ray and Neutron Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization, pp 507-544 - Peter Siffalovic, Karol Vegso, Martin Hodas, Matej Jergel, Yuriy Halahovets, Marco Pelletta, Dusan Korytar, Zdeno Zaprazny, Eva Majkova


thumb x ray and neutron techniques for nanomaterials characterization  

This book chapter presents a thorough introduction to SAXS and GISAXS starting with the mathematical foundation. It gives a review of state-of-the-art instrumentation describing x-ray sources, optics, and detectors, explaining how the metal-jet technology has opened up the possibility to perform time-resolved in-situ studies of weakly scattering materials. Two time-resolved applications are described in more detail to show the current research front.

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August 2016 – Proc. SPIE 9964, Advances in Laboratory-based X-Ray Sources, Optics, and Applications V, 99640J (September 16, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2238798 - M. Polikarpov, A. Barannikov, D. Zverev, S. A. Terentiev, S. N. Polyakov, S. I. Zholudev, S. Y. Martyushov, V. N. Denisov, N. V. Kornilov, I. Snigireva, V. D. Blank, A. Snigirev


thumb Laboratory and synchrotron tests of two dimensional parabolic x ray compound refractive lens made of single crystal diamond  

A team from Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, FSBI TISNCM and the ESRF joined together to design, manufacture and evaluate two-dimensional parabolic compound refractive lenses made of single-crystal diamond. The evaluation was performed with the MetalJet D2 x-ray source from Excillum as well as at ID06 at ESRF. The combination of unique optical and thermal properties makes them well suited as optical elements at x-ray sources with high-heat flux. 

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March 2016, AIP Advances 6, 035007 (2016); - Martin Krenkel, Mareike Töpperwien, Christian Dullin, Frauke Alves, and Tim Salditt


Krenkel APL 2016 2  

A team from University of Göttingen shows high-resolution phase-contrast tomography experiments done on whole mice, with a MetalJet-based laboratory setup. The high brilliance of the MetalJet enables propagation-based phase contrast in local tomography, even though there is highly absorbing tissue surrounding the mouse lung.


A video showing the reconstruction of the mouse lung can be found by follwing this url:


"Propagation-based phase-contrast tomography for high-resolution lung imaging with laboratory sources" by Martin Krenkel, Mareike Töpperwien, Christian Dullin, Frauke Alves, and Tim Salditt is licensed under CC BY 4.0

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February 2016 – Sensors and Actuators A: Physical,  Volume 241, 15 April 2016, Pages 87–95 - K. Vegso, M. Jergel, P. Siffalovic, M. Kotlar, Y. Halahovetsa, M. Hodasa, M. Pellettaa, E. Majkovaa



A group from Slovak Academy of Science in co-operation with people from STU Centre for Nanodiagnostics performed in-situ tests on a strain gauge, based on a monolayer of colloidal gold nanoparticles deposited on a flexible Mylar foil, by small-angle X-ray scattering using a MetalJet X-ray source from Excillum. The high brightness of the MetalJet allowed a very fast data collection, with 10 s temporal resolution. The results of the study indicate that the colloidal gold-nanoparticles on a flexible is a potential future strain gauges with a fast linear response within a wide strain range.

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January 2016, AIP Conference Proceedings 1696, 020043 (2016); doi: 10.1063/1.4937537 - A. Balles, Ch. Fella, J. Dittmann, W. Wiest, S. Zabler, and R. Hanke



A team from Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg presents a grating interferometer based on a MetalJet X-ray tube, as well as a self-built high resolution detector. They show that the small spot-size of the MetalJet makes the use of a source grating unnecessary. This work was presented at the XRM 2014 in Melbourne, and published in AIP Conference Proceedings 1696 in January 2016.

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November 2015 – Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 16625 (2015) doi:10.1038/srep16625 - W. Vågberg, D. H. Larsson, M. Li, A. Arner and H. M. Hertz 



A KTH/KI group demonstrates that the three-dimensional muscular structure of unstained whole zebrafish can be imaged with sub-5 μm detail with propagation based X-ray phase-contrast tomography. By comparing the X-ray imaging results with histology, it can be confirmed that individual myofibrils can be resolved in the whole-body imaging.



"X-ray phase-contrast tomography for high-spatial-resolution zebrafish muscle imaging" written by William Vågberg et. al. is licensed under CC BY 4.0.


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October 2015 – PNAS 2015 112: 12569-12573 - I. Zanette, M. Zdora, T. Zhou, A. Burvall, D. H. Larsson, P. Thibault, H. M. Hertz and F. Pfeiffer 



A TUM/Diamond/KTH/UCL team demonstrates speckle based x-ray phase contrast, applied to material characterization, using a MetalJet x-ray source from Excillum. The method is based on correlation of near-field speckles and yields quantitative measurements of the full X-ray refractive index of the object with high sensitivity. X-ray speckle tracking tomography broadens the capabilities of X-ray imaging at laboratory sources with strong potential in materials and life sciences.

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May 2015 – Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 10609 doi:10.1038/srep10609 - Sreekanth Rajan, Minjoo Choi, Quoc Toan Nguyen, Hong Ye, Wei Liu, Hui Ting Toh, CongBao Kang, Neelagandan Kamariah, Chi Li, Huiya Huang, Carl White, Kwanghee Baek, Gerhard Grüber & Ho Sup Yoon



A study of the structural transition in Bcl-xL where the researchers has used our MetalJet x-ray source when performing SAXS with a NANOSTAR system from Bruker.


"Structural transition in Bcl-xL and its potential association with mitochondrial calcium ion transport" written by Sreekanth Rajan et. al. is licensed under CC BY 4.0.

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January 2015 – Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B,  343 (2015) 116–122 - A. Schwamberger, B. De Roo d, D. Jacob, L. Dillemans, L. Bruegemann, J.W. Seo, J.P. Locquet



A team from TU Dortmund, Bruker, Cordouan Technologies and KU Leuven demonstrates an innovative way to charactherize nano-particles by combining SAXS, DLS and a microflow reactor. To ensure high enough flux to do time-resolved SAXS, a MetalJet x-ray source from Excillum was used.

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June 2014 – Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253903 (2014) - I. Zanette, T. Zhou, A. Burvall, U. Lundström, D. H. Larsson, M. Zdora, P. Thibault, F. Pfeiffer, and H. M. Hertz



A TUM/KTH/UCL team demonstrates speckle based x-ray phase contrast using a MetalJet x-ray source from Excillum. In this technique, the x-rays from the MetalJet are scrambled by a random object with small structures (e.g. sandpaper), before reaching the sample. After having acquired the detector image, the signal is decoded and absorption-, phase contrast-, and dark-field contrast can be extracted.

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